PUBLICATIONS - RESEARCH DESIGN AND STATS

Sources of Research Information

Peer Reviewed Journals

References


Sources of Research Information

There are numerous resources available to life care planners, but professionals need to know where information exists and how it may be accessed.

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Peer Reviewed Journals

Peer-reviewed journals accept submissions based upon a “blind” critique of the contributor’s article. In a sense, the peer review process serves as a quality control measure to minimize the distribution of misinformation based upon poorly designed research or theoretical assertions. Peer reviewers are typically experts in a specified field of practice charged with the responsibility of evaluating the scientific merit of a paper or research report.

For this reason, life care planners should rely primarily upon information appearing in peer-reviewed journals. This is not to say that the findings are “correct,” or that the studies included in these publications are as well-designed as they could be. Simply, in order to have been included in the journal, the article was subjected to a review of peers within the field.

There are many valuable journals and, depending upon a professional’s background and issues specific to individual patients, some publications may be of greater use than others. The following journals are suggested resources:

Journals of Rehabilitation and Psychology:

Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin

Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling

Rehabilitation Psychology

Journal of Rehabilitation Administration

Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation

Vocational Evaluation and Work Adjustment Bulletin

Journal of Job Placement and Development

Work

Journal of Counseling and Development

Journal of Counseling Psychology

Measurement and Education in Counseling and Development

Journal of Disability Policy and Studies

Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

Psychological Bulletin

Teaching Exceptional Children

Journal of Life Care Planning

RehabManagement

Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development

The Case Manager

The Rehabilitation Professional

Psychosomatics

Psychology, Public Policy, and Law

Journals of Medicine and Allied Health:

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Journal of the American Medical Association

Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation

British Medical Journal

Annals of Long-Term Care

Home Health Care Consultant

Spine

Rehabilitation Nursing

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation

Brain

Neurology

American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Pain

The Clinical Journal of Pain

Spinal Cord

American Journal of Occupational Therapy

SCI Nursing

Journal of Pediatrics

Physical Therapy

Respiratory Research

Health Psychology

Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics

Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine

Ear & Hearing

Journal of Occupational Medicine

Journal of Physical Therapy Science

Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Locating Journals of Interest

In most cases, life care planners will need to access peer-reviewed journals through the nearest university library. Journals are typically located in the reference section of the library and cannot be borrowed for long-term use, so most volumes will be available for review and photocopying. Most library systems allow members of the community to utilize reference sources, though some may require an identification badge or security check.

Many publishers have begun to transmit issues electronically or provide website access for those who subscribe to the journal. Subscriptions vary widely in cost, beginning at approximately $25 per year and escalating into the hundreds of dollars per year. In some cases, a journal subscription is included as a benefit of association membership. For example, a subscription to the Journal of Life Care Planning is included in the annual membership fee of the International Association of Life Care Planners.

Many journals provide the table of contents and/or the abstracts for articles appearing in recent issues. There are also journals providing full text of articles free of charge, or at a nominal fee, online. Networking with other planners and practitioners, attending seminars and continuing education workshops, and joining professional listserve discussion groups may provide additional sources of useful information.

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References

American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, (5th Ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

American Medical Association. (1992). Users’ guides to evidence-based medicine. Journal of the America Medical Association, 268 (17), 2420-2425.

Amon, E. (2000). Clinical practice guidelines: The magic bullet or the emperor’s new clothes? St. Louis Metropolitan Medical Society, 22 (8). Available: http://www.slmms.org/text/Special%20Reports/Amon/part_one.htm.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L., & Razavieh, A. (1999). Introduction to research in education. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

Bellini, J. & Rumrill, P. (1999). Research in rehabilitation counseling: A guide to design, methodology, and utilization. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.

Bellini, J. L. & Rumrill, P. D. (1999). Ethical issues, Chap. 3 (pp. 49-77); Research design, Chap. 4 (pp. 78-100); Chap. 6 (pp. 117-150) in Research In Rehabilitation Counseling: A Guide to Design, Methodology, and Utilization. Springfield, IL: Charles C. :Thomas Publishing.

Best, J. (1970). Research in education (2nd Ed.). New York: Prentice-Hall.

Brody, B. A. (1998) Research on human subjects, Chap 2 (pp 31-54); Research involving vulnerable subjects, Chap. 6 (pp. 119-138) in The Ethics of Biomedical Research. New York: Oxford University Press.

De Muth, J. E. (1999) Basic Statistics and Pharmaceutical Statistical Applications. New York: Marcel Dekker.

Dillman, D. (2000). Mail and internet surveys: The tailored design method (2nd Ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Dunn, C. M. & Chadwick, G. (1999). Behavioral research issues, Chap 6 (pp. 73-78); Publication of study results, Chap 7 (pp. 79-89) in Protecting Study Volunteers in Research: A Manual for Investigative Sites. Boston: Center Watch.

Elwood, M. J. (1998) Study designs which can demonstrate and test causation, Chap. 2 (pp. 14-36); Critical evaluation of research studies, Chaps. 10-15 (pp. 245-347) in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials. (2 nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Evidence-based Medicine Resource Center. (2002). What is evidence-based medicine? EBM Resource Center. Available: http://www.ebmny.org/thecentr2.html.

Callender, D. (1999). Pediatric practice guidelines: Implications for nurse practitioners. Journal of Pediatric Healthcare, 13 (3), 105-111.

Campbell, D., & Stanley, J. (1966). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for research. Skokie, IL: Rand McNally.

Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd Ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Cohen, J. (1990). Things I have learned (so far). American Psychologist, 45, 1304-1312.

Consortium for Spinal Cord Medicine. (July 1999) Outcomes Following Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: Clinical Practice Guidelines for Health-Care Professionals: Paralyzed Veterans of America.

Countiss, R. N. (2002). Amicus curiae brief to the Court of Appeals for the Seventh District of Texas at Amarillo, In re Archer v. Warren. Journal of Life Care Planning, 1(1), 9-34.

Countiss, R. N. & Deutsch, P. M. (2002). The Life Care Planner, the Judge and Mr. Daubert. Journal of Life Care Planning, 1(1), 35-43.

Elwood, M. J. (1998) Study designs which can demonstrate and test causation, Chap. 2 (pp. 14-36); Critical evaluation of research studies, Chaps. 10-15 (pp. 245-347) in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials. (2 nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Friedman, L. M., Furberg, C. D., & DeMets, D. L. (1998). Blindness, Chap 6. (pp. 82-93); Sample size, Chap. 7 (pp. 94-129) in Fundamentals of Clinical Trials. (3 rd ed.). New York, Springer.

Hamilton, G., (May 1999) Patient Adherence, Outcome Indicators & Measurement in Case Management Healthcare. Council For Case Management Accountability, State of the Science Paper: Case Management Society of America.

Hirshfeld, E. (1990). Practice parameters and the malpractice liability of physicians. Journal of the American Medical Association, 263, 1556.

Hunter, J. & Schmidt, F. (1990). Methods of meta-analysis. Newbury Park: CA: Sage Publications.

Institute of Medicine. (1990). Clinical practice guidelines: Directions for a new program. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. [Website: http://www.iom.edu/iom/iomhome.nsf?OpenDatabase].

Joint Commission of Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (2000). Standards for long-term care. JCAHO. Available: http://www.jcaho.org/.

Leirer, S., Strohmer, D., Kern, A., Clemons-Guidry, B., Roberts, K., & Curry, K. (1996). The effects of counselor disability status and reputation on perceptions of counselor expertness, attractiveness, and trustworthiness. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 41, 278-292.

MacLean, D. (2002). Clinical practice guidelines: Simpler may be better. American Medical Directors Association. Available: http://www.amda.com/caring/july2001/cpgs.htm.

Oetgen, W., & Wiley, M. (1996). Medical practice guidelines: Is cookbook medicine here? Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. Available: http://www.afip.org/Departments/legalmed/openfile96/guidelines.pdf

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Piantadosi, S. (1997) Ethical considerations, Chap. 3 (pp 29-60); Clinical trials as experimental designs, Chap. 4 (pp. 61-105); Sample size and power, Chap. 7 (pp. 148-185; The study cohort, Chap. 8 (pp. 186-202); in Clinical Trials: A Methodologic Perspective. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

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Senn, S. (1997) Probability, bayes, p-values, test of hypotheses and confidence intervals, Chap. 4 (pp. 43-54); Determining the sample size, Chap. 13 (pp 169-185) in Statistical Issues in Drug Development. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

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Wyer, P. (2002). Evidenced-based medicine-The next step: Integrating evidence with values. Or, what’s up with practice guidelines? Available: http://www.jgh.ca/research/ebm/Docs/Montreal_PG2002FridayPW.pdf.

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